Emotional Freedom Techniques: A safe treatment intervention for many trauma based issues

Citation (APA Style): Flint, G. A., Lammers, W., & Mitnick, D. G. (2006). Emotional Freedom Techniques: A safe treatment intervention for many trauma based issues. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 12(1-2), 125-150.


Callahan (1985) developed a procedure of tapping on acupressure points for treating mental problems. Craig and Fowlie (1995) modified Callahan's procedure to a simplified version called Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). EFT is easy to teach and is effective with symptoms of PTSD. This article presents EFT as an adjunct to the Critical Incident Stress Reduction debriefing procedures. The use of EFT in debriefings results in shorter and more thorough sessions. It often reduces the emotional pain of the debriefing. This paper provides complete instructions and safeguards for using EFT when debriefing in disaster situations and with other applications. Included are references for further reading and training.

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